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Reproduction of Copyrighted Works By Educators and Librarians

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The documentary materials collected in this booklet deal withreproduction of copyrighted works by educators, librarians, andarchivists for a variety of uses, including:  + Reproduction for teaching in educational institutions at all levels;    and  + Reproduction by libraries and archives for purposes of study,    research, interlibrary exchanges, and archival preservation.

The documents reprinted here are limited to materials dealing withreproduction. Under the copyright law, reproduction can take either oftwo forms:  + The making of copies: by photocopying, making micro-form    reproductions, videotaping, or any other method of duplicating    visually-perceptible material; and  + The making of phonorecords: by duplicating sound recordings, taping    off the air, or any other method of recapturing sounds.

The copyright law also contains various provisions dealing with importations, performances, and displays of copyrighted works for educational and other noncommercial purposes, but they are outside the scope of this booklet. You can obtain a copy of the statute and information about specific provisions by writing to the Publications Section, LM-455, Copyright Office, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20559-6000.

*A Note on the Documents Reprinted*

The documentary materials in this booklet are reprints or excerpts from six sources:

1. The Copyright Act of October 19, 1976. This is the copyright law of the United States, effective January 1, 1978 (title 17 of the United States Code, Public Law 94-553, 90 Stat. 2541).

2. The Senate Report. This is the 1975 report of the Senate JudiciaryCommittee on S. 22, the Senate version of the bill that became theCopyright Act of 1976 (S. Rep. No. 94-473, 94th Cong., 1st Sess.,November 20 (legislative day November 18,1975)).

3. The House Report. This is the 1976 report of the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee on the House amendments to the bill that became the Copyright Act of 1976 (H.R. Rep. No. 94-1476, 94th Cong., 2d Sess., Sep-tember 3,1976).

4. The Conference Report. This is the 1976 report of the "committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 22) for the general revision of the Copyright Law" (H.R. Rep. No. 94-1733, 94th Cong., 2d Sess., September 29,1976).

5. The Congressional Debates. This booklet contains excerpts from the Congressional Record of September 22, 1976, reflecting statements on the floor of Congress at the time the bill was passed by the House of Representatives (122 CONG. REC. H 10874-76, daily edition, September 22,1976).

6. Copyright Office Regulations. These are regulations issued by the Copyright Office under section 108 dealing with warnings of copyright for use by libraries and archives (37 Code of Federal Regulations Sec. 201.14).

Items 2 and 3 on this list—the 1975 Senate Report and the 1976 House Report—present special problems. On many points the language of these two reports is identical or closely similiar. However, the two reports were written at different times, by committees of different Houses of Congress, on somewhat different bills. As a result, the discussions on some provisions of the bills vary widely, and on certain points they disagree.

The disagreements between the Senate and House versions of the bill itself were, of course, resolved when the Act of 1976 was finally passed....