The Botanical Magazine, Vol. 5 Or, Flower-Garden Displayed

The Botanical Magazine, Vol. 5 
Or, Flower-Garden Displayed

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[145]

Monarda Fistulosa, var. Crimson Monarda

Class and Order.

Diandra Monogynia.

Generic Character.

Corolla inæqualis: labio superiore lineari filamenta involvente. Semina 4.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

MONARDA fistulosa capitulis terminalibus, caule obtusangulo. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. p. 68. ed. 14. Murr. Hort. Kew. v. 1. p. 36.

ORIGANUM fistulosum Canadense. Corn. Canad. 13. t. 14.

No145.

The Monarda fistulosa, a hardy herbaceous plant, growing spontaneously in Canada, and other parts of North-America, has long been cultivated in the English gardens, to which it recommends itself as much by the fragrance of its foliage, as the beauty of its flowers; of this species the plant here figured is an uncommonly beautiful variety, its blossoms far surpassing those of the original in size, as well as brilliancy of colour, the floral leaves also are highly coloured; we have represented a single blossom of the common Monarda fistulosa, that the difference of the two may be rendered obvious.

This variety has been very lately introduced from Holland, by Messrs. Grimwood and Co. Kensington; it flowers from June to September, and is propagated by parting its roots in spring or autumn.


[146]

Hypericum Calycinum. Large-Flower'd St. John's-Wort.

Class and Order.

Polyadelphia Polyandria.

Generic Character.

Calyx 5-partitus. Petala 5. Filamenta multa, in 5 phalanges basi connata. Capsula.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

HYPERICUM calycinum floribus pentagynis solitariis terminalibus, caule tetragono fruticoso, foliis oblongo-ovatis coriaceis. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. p. 700. Mant. 106. Hort. Kew. v. 3. 103.

ASCYRUM magno flore. Bauh. Pin. 280. Prodr. 130.

ANDROSÆMUM Constantinopolitanum flore maximo. Wheler's Journey into Greece, p. 205. cum fig.

No146.

This species of St. John's-Wort, particularly distinguished by the largeness of its flowers, has very generally been considered as the Ascyron of Linnæus, owing to his giving to that plant the synonyms which properly belong to the present one: in his Mantissa, this species is called calycinum, which name is adopted in the 14th edition of the Systema Vegetabilium, and also in the Hortus Kewensis, where the proper synonyms are applied to it, and from which we learn, that it is a native of the country near Constantinople, and was introduced into this country by Sir George Wheler, Bart. in 1676.

It is a hardy perennial, increasing much by its roots, which are of the creeping kind, and by parting of which in the autumn it is most readily propagated; like the periwinkle, it is a plant well adapted to cover a bank, or bare, spots under trees, where other plants will not thrive.

It flowers from July to September.


[147]

Dais Cotinifolia. Cotinus-Leav'd Dais.

Class and Order.

Decandria Monogynia.

Generic Character.

Involucrum 4-phyllum. Cor. 4 s. 5-fida. Bacca 1-sperma.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

DAIS cotinifolia floribus quinquefidis decandris. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 403. Spec. Pl. p. 556.

DAIS laurifolia....